Chainalysis updated its estimate of 2020 ransomware payments from $350 million to $692 million, with an initial estimate of $602 million for 2021.

In its latest report, Chainalysis noted that it updates previous years’ estimates retroin placely upon further identification of funds. Initial diagrams putting ransomware revenue in the first half of 2021 above that of the first half of 2020 suggest that this year’s amount will eventually be revealed to have far exceeded last year’s, according to the report.

In contrast to the sharp rise in the past two years, Chainalysis detected only $152 million in payments in 2019 and a mere $39 million in 2018. 

More ransomware strains

Ransomware also evidenced growth in the number of at it strains and the amount of money extorted by them. Throughout 2021, at least 140 strains received payment from victims, up from 119 in 2020 and 70 in 2019. Most strains arrive and depart in phases, becoming dormant after appearing for a short time. 

While Chainalysis data largely reflected this trend, one strain called Conti go oned consistently retained for all of 2021. Actually seeing its atopall share of all ransomware revenue growth throughout the year, it became the biggest strain by revenue in 2021, finally extorting at least $180 million from victims. The report also excessivelighted DarkSide as ranking second in funds extorted extend year, notable for its role in the attack on oil pipeline Colonial Pipeline, of that $2.3 million of the total was recaboveed.

Big game hunting

While the average ransomware payment size in 2019 was $25,000, it has afterward multiplied to $88,000 in 2020 and above $118,000 in 2021. The report cites one reason for the increase in ransom sizes is the “focus on carrying out excessively-targeted attacks stillst large organizations.” 

Third-party providers using ransomware-as-a-service business models facilitate this “big game hunting” approach for ransomware attackers. For instance, Conti’s lengthyevity and success can possible be attributed to its providing ransomware for purchase for a share of the cut. 

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